Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany and the eighth largest city in the European Union.
Hamburg is a major transport hub and is one of the most affluent cities in Europe. It has become a media and industrial centre, with plants and facilities belonging to Airbus, Blohm+Voss and Aurubis. Hamburg has been an important financial centre for centuries, and is the seat of the world's second oldest bank, Berenberg Bank.
Hamburg has more than 40 theatres, 60 museums and 100 music venues and clubs. In 2005, more than 18 million people visited concerts, exhibitions, theatres, cinemas, museums, and cultural events. More than 8,552 taxable companies were engaged in the culture sector, which includes music, performing arts and literature. Hamburg has entered the European Green Capital Award scheme, and was awarded the title of European Green Capital for 2011.
Hamburg has several large museums and galleries showing classical and contemporary art, for example the Kunsthalle Hamburg with its contemporary art gallery, the Museum for Art and Industry and the Deichtorhallen House of Photography. The Internationales Maritimes Museum Hamburg opened in the HafenCity quarter in 2008. There are various specialised museums in Hamburg, such as the Archaeological Museum Hamburg in Hamburg-Harburg, the Museum of Labour, and several museums of local history, for example the Kiekeberg Open Air Museum. Two museum ships near Landungsbrücken bear witness to the freight ship (Cap San Diego) and cargo sailing ship era (Rickmer Rickmers). The world's largest model railway museum Miniatur Wunderland with 12 km total railway length is also situated near Landungsbrücken in a former warehouse.